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Global renewable energy investment market was valued at a worth of USD 280 billion and is estimated to grow at a CAGR of 10% during the forecast period 2022–2031. The growth in the renewable energy investment market has remained steady, despite steady fall in the capital cost, specifically in the solar energy. Moreover, increase in the capital outlays has favoured in the reduction in the cost of wind and solar, thereby resulting enhancing the sale of equipment for energy generation more cheaply. Below figure shows that would accelerate its growth during the forecast period.
Favourable government initiatives regarding the reduction in the solar and wind tariffs, has attracted many foreign direct investment, which in turn has propelled the market growth. For instance, India’s renewable energy sector has received over USD 42 billion over the few periods. Furthermore, increased focus on green project initiative has also proved to be a boon to the Indian economy. The Indian Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) has also stated that solar energy capacity increased by over 8 times from 2.63 GW in 2014 to 22 GW, while Wind energy capacity increased by 1.6 times from 21 GW in 2014 to 34 GW.
Growing focus on clean energy sources has led to building alliance between business, investors and government bodies to create a stable environment for clean energy in the commercial and industrial sectors in the countries such as Mexico, Colombia, Indonesia and Philippines. However, certain barriers such as high capital cost, effective transmission medium and others has restrained the clean energy consumption and investment across the sector. The Clean Energy Investment Accelerator (CEIA) plays a significant role in removing the barriers by aggregating clean energy from large users and develops new advancement in renewable energy models to bring down the cost. CEIA strengthens the overall sector by following factors
• Mandates the private sectors such as corporations and industries to adopt clean energy commitments
• Advancement of tools and equipment to grow clean energy resources within low cost.
• Works parallel with public sector to resolve regulatory issues in the clean energy investment and deployment.
• Government and Research Organizations
• Private Equity Firms
• Energy Company
• Banking Institution
Global renewable energy investment market is segmented by type and organization type, based on type the market is segmented into Solar, Wind, Small Hydro, Biofuels, and Others. Solar power holds the major share in the market, owing to increasing investment which has led to the installation of 98 gigawatts of new solar projects globally. Solar represents about 38% of the total new energy generating capacity. China accounted for about half of the total solar power installation around the world (excluding all hydro-electric projects). (Source: UN Environment).
Based on organization type, the market is segmented into Private Equity Firm, Banking Institution, Energy Company, Asset Manager, and Others. Banking Institutions has been the major provider of finance for renewable energy sources, in 2016 some of the largest banks led by KfW of Germany, the European investment bank and World Bank has lend about USD 55 billion for clean power project. Out of which KfW was the largest contributor accounting for USD 34.1 billion from USD 30.7 billion in 2018.
Asia Pacific holds the major share in the global market, mainly owing to colossal development in the renewable energy resource by China. China’s National Energy Administration encourages adopting solar energy resources on a large scale to reduce the overall cost of solar PV. Investment in the “behind-the-meter” rooftop projects is expected to remain high during the forecast period, owing to comparatively low subsidy rates. Total PV installation in the country reached about 53GW in 2017, about 20 GW more than the forecast done by UN Environment.
North America primarily contributed by the U.S. is expected to emerge as a fastest growing region during the forecast period. As compared to China market, US experience a small pause after a strong growth during the previous years. Total investment experienced a fall to USD 8.9 billion from USD 10.1 billion. The major reason behind this drop was net-metring reforms adopted in the states such as California and the states of Massachusetts and Maryland.
Reduction in the overall subsidies by the government bodies has impacted the market growth in the European region. This cut has impacted the energy projects where local residents invest in renewable power plant in return for a small return of investment and cheaper electricity.
Increased focus on renewable energy sector laid by favourable government initiatives has affected the market growth in a positive manner during the forecast period. For instance, in 2017, Nigeria adopted a policy targeting 180 MW of power from mini grids by 2020. The launch of Micro-Grid investment accelerator has also fuelled the market growth. This initiative is backed by the major companies such as Facebook and Microsoft.
Some of the major companies operating in the market are EKF, KFW, GE Energy Financial Services, Mitsubishi UFJ Financial Group, Macquarie, Bank of America, TerraForm Power, BNP Paribas, Citigroup, Goldman Sachs, and Center Bridge Partners.
• Small Hydro
By Organization Type
• Private Equity Firm
• Banking Institution
• Energy Company
• Asset Manager
Solar energy market, nuclear energy, government initiatives, renewable energy resources, PV installations, solar energy investment, China market
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